- Under-Eye Wrinkles & Fine lines are part and parcel of our life and indicate that our skin is diving into the aging process.
- External factors such as environmental pollutants, smoking, and sun damage can accelerate their development and aging.
- Natural remedies and skin care products may help reduce or eliminate faint lines. Still, deeper creases may require in-patient treatments – non-invasive or invasive.
Understanding what contributes to wrinkles around the eyes can help us recognize them and alter our behavior. Additionally, it will aid us in preventing sudden and deep wrinkles under the eyes from developing.
First, Let’s Discern What Under-Eye Lines And Wrinkles Are
Fine lines and wrinkles usually develop on thin skin that is layered around the eyes, cheeks, neck, chest/cleavage, hands, and other parts of our body, with the eyelids having the thinnest skin. Since our face, neck, and hands are more exposed to external elements, including UV damage, the skin-plumping proteins break down rapidly, forming fine lines and wrinkles. As a result, you might see faint lines under your eyes, other parts of your face, and other areas of your body.
Another reason is that as we age, the skin underproduces hyaluronic acid, collagen, elastin, and other crucial components that help keep our body youthful and radiant. Remember that skin changes during your 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s, and beyond nature, and extrinsic and intrinsic factors may also speed up the aging process.
These lines appear under and around your eyes as dynamic wrinkles in your late 20s or early 30s. These generally become visible when you smile or do some expressions. These may become static wrinkles if you don’t provide proper care and deepen as you age.
Why Do You Get Wrinkles As You Age?
Your healthy skin has an excellent epidermis that protects the body from harm. This layer is abundant with components like collagen (which provides skin firmness), glycosaminoglycans or GAGs (which help in skin hydration), and elastin (which gives skin elasticity and rebound). Some intrinsic and extrinsic elements affect these skin components and cause your skin to develop fine lines and crinkles.
- Intrinsic Aging: These occur in our skin as we age, including decreased sweat and sebum production, immune responsiveness, sensory perception, mechanical protection, cell turnover, thickness and cellularity, thermoregulation, chemical clearance, and vascular reactivity.
- Extrinsic Aging: This happens on your skin due to the breakdown of elastic tissue caused by exposure to environmental elements. Sun exposure, dehydration, skincare products, unhealthy eating, etc., contribute to extrinsic aging. Skin dryness, uneven tone or discoloration, skin thinning, brown patches, and deep wrinkles are a few signs of this.
Reasons Why Under Eye Lines And Wrinkles Occur At Different Ages And What You Can Do
The bitter fact is once you turn 20, the collagen production in the skin starts to decline, and faint lines begin to form under your eyes. As we grow older, these lines deepen to form wrinkles and creases since our skin cells tend to lose more collagen and reduce their ability to regenerate themselves.
So how does this transformation occur?
In Your 20s
Many people in their 20s appear to have slightly dull and tired-looking skin, along with the presence of lines and wrinkles, which is uncommon in the 20s. There are various reasons for this occurrence, including lack of sleep, stress, late-night studies, working in shifts, sun damage, and genetics. Over time, these issues contribute to premature aging, including deepening under-eye lines and wrinkles in this age group.
Other causes that can accelerate the formation of crinkles and creases are consuming unhealthy foods such as chocolates, sugar-laced items, junk foods (pizzas, burgers), and following unhealthy practices such as developing habits of smoking and alcohol consumption that sabotage the skin.
So, What You Can Do?
Formulate a gentle skincare routine that best suits your skin type. It is wise advice for people in this age group to nourish their skin with natural oils such as lavender oil, kukui nut oil, and cleansing oils and detox with healthy drinks. Apply natural face packs and masks using avocado, banana, turmeric, bentonite clay, rice water, coffee, and more.
Healthy eating habits, hydration, and good sleep would help eliminate fine lines and wrinkles to a greater extent and wearing sunscreen to protect against UV damage and avoiding stress and certain unhealthy habits like drugs, cigarettes, and alcohol would help your skin to some extent. Your skin will start to refresh and glow over time.
In Your 30s
It is a transitional period where your skin has plumaged from puberty, where you will start noticing early signs of aging, i.e., the reflection of overexposures on your skin during your teens and 20s.
Generally, our skin starts to slow down its collagen production during our early 30s. The skin will also slowly start to lose its elasticity and start to sink due to gravity. Over time, the skin tends to develop visible lines and creases with thinning of the skin under the eyes.
So, What You Can Do?
You must follow a core skincare routine of cleansing, moisturizing, and UV protection. You must also invest in topical retinol cream or a peptide-based serum to help eliminate fine lines and tighten your skin.
Try using antioxidants to repair your sun-damaged skin, regenerate collagen production and brighten dull skin.
Consider facial massages, chemical peels, hydra facials, and light therapy depending on the intensity of the wrinkles and fine lines under the eyes.
In Your 40s
After entering the 40s, you will see major changes in the skin’s firmness, including your eyes. You will see the loss of elasticity and volume along with more pronounced creases and crinkles. Here’s where people look at aesthetic treatments to recuperate their skin’s youthful appearance.
So, What You Can Do?
Since your skin undergoes many changes, you must incorporate good topical skincare products to help with skin rejuvenation, cell turnover, and hydration. You must also use two types of cleansers: mild lotion and gentle exfoliating cleanser, according to your skin’s needs.
The hormones also play their part in your late 40s, and your skin will significantly produce less sebum and feel less hydrated. Therefore, use heavy-duty moisturizers to maintain your skin soft and moistened.
If you don’t see significant changes with the above or cannot combat the signs of aging, you should visit a dermatologist to analyze the severity and plan of care to help reduce your under-eye wrinkles. Various treatments target under eye wrinkles, including chemical peels, lasers, Thermage, radiofrequency, Fraxel Resurfacing, Neurotoxins, microneedling or dermarolling, and dermal fillers.
In Your 50s
As your skin matures, you will have deeper lines and creases due to rapid degeneration in your collagen and elastin production. You will feel drier under your eyes with thinner skin. Due to the loss of basic skin hydration and oil glands, the area under the eyes gets puffy, and the lines and creases appear more marked – making your eyes look hollow.
So, What You Can Do?
Get yourself an eye cream that comprises hyaluronic acid to promote collagen production while reducing dryness and wrinkles. Vitamin E is an antioxidant and helps boost your skin’s moisture level.
If you want an instant solution, opt for fillers that use hyaluronic acid or calcium hydroxylapatite to level up and smoothen the under-eye areas. You may also try less invasive procedures like RF, lasers, PDO threads, and dermarolling.
In Your 60s And Beyond
People in this age group and above would experience a lack of hydration and moisture retention issues with moderate to severe sagging. Dermatologists primarily recommended surgical procedures.
Here, it would be wise for these people to maintain their skin with simple skincare routines, including hydration and moisturization. They may also go for laser treatments for improvement and maintenance.
How Can You Tighten The Skin Under Your Eyes?
You can choose from natural remedies to OTC products and nonsurgical to surgical treatments to tighten under-eye fine lines and wrinkles.
Young aged people can initially try topical skin-tightening cosmetic products to level up the skin under their eyes. Get yourself an eye cream that can boost collagen production, tighten the skin, and protect your skin against ultraviolet ray damage.
To maximize the aesthetic benefits, hand-pick a product that has any of the following elements:
- Vitamin C – An element of essence that has skin-tightening properties and prevents collagen degradation.
- Vitamin B3 – It helps smoothen out faint lines and reduce the appearance of prominent wrinkles. It is a less annoying alternative when compared to those made with retinoids.
- Licorice – Glycyrrhizin in licorice root extract is another element that can aid in tightening and firming your skin.
- Apple Extract – A natural toner that enhances blood circulation and skin tightening.
It is very important to be heedful when buying and using topical products to avoid untoward effects.
In-Office Treatments And Procedures
Other popular in-office treatments apart from dermal fillers, microdermabrasion, chemical peeling, laser, and microneedling to tighten and level the skin under your eyes are:
- Tear Trough Fillers: A noninvasive procedure where a gel-like material is injected under your eyes to add volume. Doing so will eliminate wrinkles and other issues under the eyes. Primarily, hyaluronic acid (HA) is used as filler.
- PDO Threads: This minimally invasive threading technique uses dissolvable sutures to help accelerate high collagen levels to plump the skin.
- PRP Injections: This technique boasts its own healing system that involves injecting platelet-rich plasma after centrifuging the blood drawn from the patient. The PRP will be injected into the patient’s lower eyelids to help regenerate the skin around the eyes, build collagen, and speed up the growth of blood vessels to give you a full and youthful appearance.
- Sublative Rejuvenation: This procedure addresses laugh lines, dark circles, crow’s feet, and baggy/saggy eyes. It targets the deeper skin layers without disturbing the upper skin layer. It gently resurfaces the skin and requires at least 4 or 5 treatments to tighten and smoothen the skin around the eyes, erasing the fine lines.
- Blepharoplasty: An invasive procedure that removes loose skin and unwanted fat underneath the lower eyelid. This permanent procedure is generally done for people with excessive sagging skin under the eyelids.
Simple Tips To Care For Your Eyes – The Do’s and Don’ts
Caring for our eyes is an integral part of our life. The following few simple things can hugely impact our general and skin health.
Here are a handful of the dos and don’ts that can help delay or reduce the occurrence of lines and wrinkles under the eyes:
- You would have heard this saying umpteen times – a balanced healthy diet maintains your general and skin health. Anything you eat reflects on your skin. Remember, food habits can delay or accelerate skin aging.
- Let your eyes get adequate rest, which you can achieve through proper sleep.
- Hydration also plays a vital role in skin health. Consume adequate water and healthy drinks to maintain skin moisture.
- Frequently apply a gentle moisturizer to maintain skin hydration around your eyes.
- Wear sunscreen to block UVA and UVB to prevent sun damage.
- Start using milder forms of retinol cream to stimulate collagen production and improve the skin’s overall look. As you grow old, your skin needs will vary, and you may change creams accordingly.
- Add facial yoga exercises along with your other workout regimen to tone up your facial muscles, and doing so will help deaccelerate the aging process.
- Maintain a 20-24 inches space between the computer screen and your eyes to avoid causing strain. It would be best to place your screen between eye level and 30 degrees below the line of sight.
- Get your eyes checked with an ophthalmologist to keep your eyes healthy and avoid vision issues.
- Gadgets – Frequently seeing the displays of tabs, laptop/computer screens, mobile phones, and TV can strain your eyes. Try minimizing the use of gadgets.
- Smoking/Vaping – Puts oxidative stress on your eyes and damages the lens proteins.
- Poor Lighting – Working in poor lighting can cause your eyes to strain and accelerate the chances of under-eye wrinkles.
- Depression and Anxiety – Increase the chances of permanent fine lines and wrinkles on your skin.
- Overeating Sugar – Breaks down collagen and elastin.
- Alcohol Consumption – Tends to dry out your skin.
- Sleeping Position – Awkward sleeping positions with your face on the pillow can lead to fine lines and wrinkles. Try sleeping on your back.
A Step Towards Wrinkle-Free Eyes
Knowing what causes wrinkles around the eyes is essential if you want to stop them from developing in the first place. Since the skin around our eyes is among the thinnest in our bodies, it is susceptible to internal or external change. When unfavorable changes occur, the under-eye area frequently reacts by developing fine lines or wrinkles, dark circles, pigmentation, swelling, and puffiness.
In our daily lives, we form habits that may harm the skin around our eyes. These repetitive behaviors that can lead to deep wrinkles under the eyes can become habits, and we aren’t always aware of them. If we don’t change our lifestyle patterns that cause under-eye wrinkles, using creams, lotions, masks, and procedures won’t help.
So, take care of this area with a little extra TLC to help maintain your youthful look. It is essential to glowing physically and mentally.
- Lines Under Eyes: Causes, Prevention, and How to Get Rid of Them: https://dermcollective.com/lines-under-eyes/
- Are There Different Types Of Wrinkles: https://www.epiphanydermatology.com/cosmetic-dermatology/types-of-wrinkles/
- 10 Bad Lifestyle Habits Responsible For Wrinkles Under The Eyes: https://www.kosmoderma.com/10-bad-lifestyle-habits-responsible-for-wrinkles-under-the-eyes/#:~:text=Poor%20skincare%20or%20lack%20of,causes%20the%20skin%20to%20break.
- A Specific Guide to Caring for the Skin Around Your Eyes: https://www.everydayhealth.com/skin-beauty/specific-guide-to-caring-for-the-skin-around-your-eyes/
- Under Eye Wrinkles: How to Get Rid of Them For Good: https://www.londonfacialplasticsurgery.co.uk/plastic-surgery-blog/under-eye-wrinkles-how-to-get-rid-of-them-for-good/
- Fighting Against Skin Aging: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6047276/#:~:text=Intrinsic%20aging%20is%20an%20inevitable,wrinkles%2C%20loss%20of%20elasticity%2C%20laxity
- How To Treat Fine Lines Under Eyes: https://www.lifescapepremier.com/blogs/how-to-treat-fine-lines
- The Do’s And Don’ts Of Wrinkle Prevention: https://www.lisaballnp.com/the-dos-and-donts-of-wrinkle-prevention/